Erasmus + is a new program of the European Union for the period from 2014 to 2020, aimed at supporting projects, cooperation, academic mobility in the field of education, training, sports and youth policy. The Erasmus + program is aimed at further promoting the modernization and sustainable development of education and training systems, supporting the development of youth policy and sports, as well as improving skills and, therefore, improving the employability of people, and this program involves a significant increase in investment in human development ( see figure 1).
The international dimension of the program (i.e. cooperation with Partner Countries) focuses primarily on higher education with the possibility of cooperation also in the field of youth policy. In higher education, the two Actions (Joint Masters Degree and Jean Monnet program) are funded from the EU internal budget. For two other Actions, funding is allocated from the fund for the development of external cooperation: credit mobility and capacity building.
The Erasmus + program has opened up new opportunities for students, faculty and other university staff who are implementing as part of the Key Action. The mobility of students and teachers is an important component of the higher education system, which allows universities to develop both in the Countries of the Program and in the Countries of the Partners, where mobility becomes an incentive for improving the quality of teaching, improving the activities of international and student services, for comparing and updating training programs.
Mobility contributes to the development of the best internationalization strategies, which is everywhere a catalyst for reforming the higher education system. Mobility is important and useful, of course, for students, faculty and administrative staff of universities, having a positive impact on the quality of higher education in general through the formation and development of recognition tools. Students, teachers and staff of Kazakhstan universities can participate in short-term mobility, which is carried out within the framework of bilateral agreements on mobility between universities from Program Countries and universities from Partner Countries (duration from 3 to 12 months.
Mobility of teachers and other university staff for teaching or internships: duration from 5 days to 2 months (maximum, excluding the time spent on the road). Mobility participants receive a scholarship that covers the cost of transportation, visas, insurance and accommodation. In order to receive funding, a university from a Program Country and a university from a Partner Country must enter into a bilateral mobility agreement and fill out an application for funding. To participate in a project on international credit mobility, it is necessary to sign an inter-institutional agreement between the institution of higher education in the Program Country and the institution of higher education in the Country of the Partner. The agreement should also include the recognition of loans upon completion of the mobility program. To participate and apply, the university applicant for the Program Country must sign the Erasmus Charter for Higher Education. Thus, universities undertake to provide the highest quality in organizing the mobility of students and teachers, including relevance, accessibility and transparency of information about training programs, the presence of ECTS (or a similar system) for recognition procedures, etc.
In the summer of 2018, the results of the competition were summed up in the framework of the Erasmus + Program “Increasing the Potential of Higher Education” (VEL). For 2018, 10 projects were selected from Kazakhstan for financing, in which 23 universities participated. The total funding amounted to about 9.5 million euros (see table 1).
The participating partner countries suffer from a lack of managers, technicians and engineers to solve this serious problem and focus on developing computer science curricula or, more specifically, security services. As part of this project, a survey of 500 companies was conducted. It will analyze the needs for basic and specific skills in enterprises and, therefore, the training needs and specialization required to obtain a bachelor’s and master’s degree. Academic disciplines will be accompanied by practical work, a working laboratory, personal work and distribution of ECTS credits, a center of excellence has been created in each of the three leading universities (a resource center and a technology platform equipped with a project).
Each partner university will create or adapt a didactic cyberspace in which all activities will take place. For a flexible response to business needs, the project will also build a modular system, covering all areas of network administration and computer system security (10 modules). In particular, they cover the following areas: cryptographic mechanisms and applications; administration and network security system; software development; UML and security; certified and safe development; security application; wireless mobile devices; organization and methods of security. In each region, 50 professionals will be trained in this online course (see Figure 2).
UNINETTUNO, as a candidate university, is responsible for the work package, project organization and management. He will be responsible for managing projects and, in particular, for allocating funds to partners in addition to bilateral agreements. He will prepare preliminary and final budgets.
The LMPI project aims to create e-learning resources for undergraduate and graduate specialties in the protection of computer systems and networks in three partner countries, Vietnam, Moldova and Kazakhstan. In order to fill gaps in skills at both technical and engineering levels, UNINETTUNO, as a candidate university and partners, will develop a lifelong learning program in this area for employers and faculty members.
During the project implementation, the KUAM team developed and launched new educational programs for undergraduate and graduate programs in the administration, management and protection of computer systems and networks at enterprises for the 2018-2019 academic year. Currently, the project team is working on the creation of massive open online courses and have received lifelong learning in this area for faculty re-teaching staff from August 25 - September 2, 2018 (see fig.). Fig. Working moments of meetings at Uninettuno –University - Coordinator
Thus, the need for a project that develops university education in this sector is quite obvious. We need highly qualified graduates with professional or vocational education, as well as academic and professional staff for their training.
Teacher of the Department of IS Aktaeva A.